Amaranth is a group of more than 60 different species of grains that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years. The green or purplish leaves are up to 10 cm (4 in) long on stalks of a similar length and are arranged spirally. There is about 50 Amaranthus species and three(A. cruensis, A. caudatus and A. hypochondriacus) is used commercially in producing grains. Mexican grain amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) is commonly grown just for grains, but its leaves are just as tasty as other varieties. December 2020; Scientific Reports 10(1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-59848-w. • Fits well in a crop rotation because of its very short duration nature and large yield of edible matter per unit area. Amaranths are both strikingly ornamental and practical. INTRODUCTION • The most common leafy vegetable grown during summer and rainy seasons in India. The origin of amaranth domestication is unknown; diverse tropical and subtropical climates possess indigenous amaranth species, which have facilitated amaranth cultivation around the world, both before and during domestication. Amaranthus blitum is an erect or semi-prostrate annual plant. Identify palmer's amaranth via its pictures, habitat, height, flowers and leaves. Also known as: thandu keerai [தன்டு கீரை], which is essentially mature muļaikeerai, with the stems grown thick enough to peel and use as vegetables. Palmer's Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) is wild, edible and nutritious food. Today, most gardeners are familiar with Amaranthus species such as A. caudatus (love-lies-bleeding) as ornamental plants, and many don't even realize that amaranths are also edible plants that can be grown for the grain-like seeds and edible leaves. (Amaranthus blitum) Fast growing leaf protein, annual to 60cm, valuable for vitamins and minerals. Amaranthus lancifolius Roxb. Generally different species are grown primarily for the seeds (Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthus cruentus, and Amaranthus hypochondriacus) and for the leaves (Amaranthus tricolor, Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius), but both the seeds and leaves of all amaranths are equally edible and nutritious.Amaranths grown principally for vegetable use have better tasting leaves … This is a plant that feeds your eyes as much as your body. Don’t let labels limit your options! It is edible, and the plant and its seeds have long been used for food by Native Americans. Amaranthus tristis L. Blitum gangeticum … Amaranthus caudatus known by common names as love-lies-bleeding, pendant amaranth, tassel flower, velvet flower, foxtail amaranth, and quilete.. We usually grind it to amaranth flour in the mill. ex Willd. The Amaranthus genus is a complicated one, featuring at least 75 annual and perennial species that easily cross-breed and hybridize. Botanical name: Amaranthus tristis, Amaranthus gangeticus [yes, it’s a specifically local strain], Amaranthus tricolor. By Patricia Bianca S. Taculao. **** Please see what I recommend below.. Amaranth plants grow well in average to rich, well-draining soil with equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus.Like many vegetable crops, they need at least five hours of sunlight a day to do well. Amaranthus caudatus commonly called love-lies-bleeding or tassel flower, gets its unusual common name from its tiny blood red petalless flowers that bloom in narrow, drooping, tassel-like, terminal and axillary panicles throughout the growing season. annual, erect or decumbent, glabrous, leases long-petioled oblong-ovate or rounded obtuse retuse or 2-lobed, base aciyte, clusters all axillary or the upper in a dense or lax spike, sepals 3 shorter than the utricle linear-oblong or -lanceolate obtuse and apiculate or acute, utricle orbicular or broadly ovate membranous dehiscent or not. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. Herb: Slender Amaranth Latin name: Amaranthus blitum Synonyms: Amaranthus lividus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Medicinal use of Slender Amaranth: A fluid extract of the plant is used as an astringent internally in the treatment of ulcerated mouths and throats, externally as a wash for ulcers and sores. Leaves, roots, and stems Amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a leaf vegetable in many parts of the world. It is a low GI food, rich in proteins and vitamins. Panicles typically hang straight down to 12” (infrequently to 24”) long. The larva of these moths is a major defoliator of amaranths in Nigeria and could cause total yield loss. Uses: Culinary, medicinal, soil conditioner. Although several species are often considered ... Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthus cruentus; and (3) weed Amaranthus … Three species of the genus Amaranthus produce large seed heads loaded with edible seeds: Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Amaranthus cruentus, which are native to Mexico and Guatemala, are grown in the USA while Amaranthus caudatus, which is native to Peru and other Andean countries, does not grow well in the USA (Fig. Amaranthus blitum is an annual member of the Amaranthus genus in the family Amaranthaceae. Belongs to the genus Amaranthus and family Amaranthaceae. Seeds maybe white, yellow, pink or black. These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. The Greeks call the Amaranthus blitum var. Leaves of some species (Amaranthus caudatus, A. tricolor, and A. cruentus) are edible spinach substitutes if picked young and tender.In Mexico, amaranth grain is puffed, drizzled with … pseudogracilis (Thell.) 1. Tall purple amaranth (Amaranthus blitum) looks wildy beautiful and deeply nourishing. Amaranthus japonicus Houtt. Edible seeds. purple amaranth, Amaranthus blitum L. (Caryophyllales: Amaranthaceae) and adults was fed with 5% honey-solution. Amaranthus rotundifolius Moq. Common names: pigweed, spleen Amaranth, red amaranth. ), is an edible plant that’s easy to grow all-year round.It is a member of the Amaranth family and is an erect annual plant that can grow up to 2.5 meters tall. Prostrate amaranth is a weedy species that probably originated in the central United States but has since invaded virtually all of North America and much of the rest of the temperate to subtropical world. Four species of Amaranthus are documented as cultivated vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor.Costea (2003). The edible leaves and seeds are sometimes gathered from the wild and used locally. AMARANTHUS. Amaranthus Botanical Name- Amaranthus tricolour L. Family- Amaranthaceae Chromosome number -2n = 32 Origin - India 2. The first rearing phase involved transfer of 16day old larvae collected from field on webbed leaves into improvised rearing chamber Amaranthus mangostanus Blanco. Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus tricolor. Amaranthus. Many parts of the plants, including the leaves and seeds, are edible, and are frequently used as a source of food in India and South America – where it is the most important Andean species of Amaranthus, known as kiwicha. Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The stems are sparingly or densely branched and channeled. Amaranthus blitum イヌビユ(犬莧) purple amaranth (= A. lividus) Amaranthus brownii Brown's amaranth Amaranthus californicus California amaranth, California pigweed blitum, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. dubius, A. hypo- ... 17 species with edible leaves and three grain ama-ranths grown for their seeds (Grubben and Denton 2004). Transplanting Amaranth Tricolor Joseph's Coat Seedlings Indoors ****Thank You for Watching Today! Grow your own. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Notes on Economic Plants. Amaranthus blitum; Amaranthus cruentus; Amaranthus viridis. October 6, 2016. Amaranthus palmeri NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. in part by the National Science Foundation. Amaranthus caudatus known by common names as love-lies-bleeding, pendant amaranth, tassel flower, velvet flower, foxtail amaranth, and quilete.. Amaranthus blitum L. This widely distributed species (also known as A. lividus) is well adapted to temperate climates and has a number of weedy forms that come with either red or green leaves. By Fruit & Vegetable Topics. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Amaranthus lividus Roxb. Most of the varieties of edible amaranth will grow quick. An annual herb with stems erect or occasionally ascending, about 10-80 cm long. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from September to October. If the crop was sown directly, the once-over harvest by uprooting or by cutting at ground level may be done 3â 4 weeks after sowing. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the balance is not paid in full within 6 months. If you would like to harvest the amaranth grain, allow the plant to go to flower. It promises to allow the development of highly palatable crossbred vegetable amaranths. Amaranthus is one of the C4 plants, being very effective in using Carbon in producing biomass. Amaranthus melancholicus L. Amaranthus oleraceus Roxb. Amaranthus tricolor, known as edible amaranth, is a species in the genus Amaranthus (family Amaranthaceae).. Amaranthus lanceolatus Roxb. Amaranth, or locally known as kulitis (Amaranthus spp. The leaves must be harvested in two ways. The plants will take up to 5 weeks to come to a height of 12 inches. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Amaranthus salicifolius H.J.Veitch. Bright red and green leaves, tasty in salads or like spinach, stems also cooked. Amaranthus cruentus; Amaranthus blitum; Amaranthus dubius; Amaranthus tricolor; Amaranthus viridis; How to Plant Amaranth. Typically, the leaves of edible amaranth are used in stir-fries or boiled in soups. Amaranthus albus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in). 13.1). Leaves are triangular-ovate to narrowly rhombic, about 2-7 cm long and 1 to 6 am wide and hairless; tip usually narrow and with a small narrow notch, stalks are about 1-10 cm long. Amaranthus polygamus Roxb. October 6, 2016 By Fruit & Vegetable. Family Amaranthaceae comprises 65 genera and 850 species, of which only 50-60 species are edible. Amaranth is an edible plant that has been used by humans for over 4000 years. Nutrients, minerals, pigments, phytochemicals, and radical scavenging activity in Amaranthus blitum leafy vegetables. 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