If you want to dye your hair with natural hair dye and protect your hair and scalp from the chemical mace, you should bring some patience to find your personal optimum of quantity, mixing ratio and exposure time. We examine the potential claims for damages, following very severe allergic reactions to hair dye, which have required hospital treatment. If you know you have become sensitised to PPD, do not use any hair dye containing PPD, or similar dyes such as p-toluenediamine (PTD). If you dye your hair frequently and you use dark colors, this may also be a good idea. Many permanent and some semi-permanent hair dyes contain a chemical called paraphenylenediamine (PPD), which is a known irritant and allergen. Read more in “The dangers of PPD (paraphenylenediamine) hair dye”. Ince Metcalfes is a trading name of Ince Gordon Dadds LLP, a limited liability partnership registered in England & Wales (registered number: OC383616) authorised and regulated by the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA number: 596729). Hair colourants contain many different ingredients, including hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, alcohol, sulphates and many more, natural and synthetic. When used in hair dye, the PPD amount must be below 6%, and application instructions warn that the dye must not touch the scalp and must be quickly rinsed away. For the same reason, PPD AND PTD allergic clients are usually safe to wear hair extensions and wigs that have previously been dyed with PPD AND PTD colourant. It is very unusual for a person who is allergic to PPD in synthetic hair dyes to also be allergic to henna.” In fact, henna dye is considered much safer than box dye. This chemical can be extremely dangerous and has been banned by a number of European countries. by: Ann W; recipient: U.S. Food and Drug Administration; A few months ago I had my hair colored and within 2 days I was in the emergency room! Regrettably, medical evidence suggests that anyone can become sensitive to PPD at any time. it is an allergy alert test. Modern hair dyes are safe to use during pregnancy, so long as standard patch or skin tests are carried out at least 48 hours before each colour appointment, and the mother has not reacted adversely to hair dyes in the past. Severe allergic reactions are most likely avoided  by patch testing. While this may work well for some, it is important to bear in mind that a mild sensitivity (a skin irritation reaction) and an allergy (involving the immune system) are very different. The term does not mean these natural ingredients are included to the exclusion of synthetic or chemical ingredients, nor does it mean that the dye does not contain PPD, PTD, ammonia or peroxide. It is inevitable that when foils are removed and dye is rinsed out, PPD AND PTD will touch the scalp and can cause a serious reaction in those with a PPD AND PTD allergy. The PPD used for ‘Black Henna’ tattoos can be in much higher quantities than is allowed in hair dye, and can trigger a sensitivity or serious allergy to all PPD and PTD products, and so these tattoos are best avoided, especially by children. Again, not necessarily. False.PPD and PTD are not banned in any European country, and has been declared safe to use under the strict safety regulations of the EU Cosmetics Directive. Despite its efficacy in coloring hair, PPD has a reputation for negative side effects. The term “organic” in itself does not mean that a dye is free of PPD, PTD or any other chemical or compound, only that it contains at least some organic ingredients. Get in touch with our team of specialist solicitors. This is why diagnostic patch test using PPD alone are used for diagnosis of hair dye allergy. Scientists are particularly worried about the long-term effects of PPD, or para-Phenylenediamine, used in dark hair dyes. ©2018. Will be sharing. Learn more about what it is and what other applications it is used for e.g. PPD is a harmful chemical dye that is widely used in not only hair colour, but it is also used in the textile industry, dying furs, cosmetics, dark henna tattooing, ink cartridges for printing, black rubber, oils, greases, gas, and the list goes on. Therefore the term ‘ability’ is difficult in that context. Therefore by using a home kit without doing a “patch test” first, thinking that it has been used before and been fine, may not be enough to avoid a potentially dangerous reaction. All Rights Reserved, PPD and PTD - Allergy Myths and Misconceptions Clarified and Dispelled. False.PPD and PTD are not banned in any European country, and has been declared safe to use under the strict safety regulations of the EU Cosmetics Directive. If you have already suffered a severe reaction to PPD, expert advice is usually to avoid this chemical again in future and look for other alternative hair dyes. However, salons are generally more likely to perform a patch or skin test than at-home users, making in-salon reactions more rare. Next Next post: How to Dye Beards and Facial Hair with Henna. Look on the label If you are going to dye your hair, Dr Flower explains what to look for on the label: "The name of the hair dye has to be listed in the ingredient list on the pack – look out for p-Phenylenediamine or Toluene-2,5-diamine. This includes the science behind it and best practices for perfect application. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), PPD allergy can cause severe reactions. See information related to PPD and PTD allergies here. A lot of professional hair dye options and at-home colorants use PPD because it provides a rich, dark color. Choose hair dyes that don’t contain PPD: As this ingredient is usually responsible for skin reactions, it may be better for you to avoid it, particularly if you have started to notice some sensitivity to it. Copyright TruthAboutHairColor. The most common allergic reaction to hair dye generally comes from a chemical called PPD (para-phenylenediamine). PPD is always responsible for hair colourant allergies. Eczema may first be noticed on the upper eyelids or rims of the ears after application of the hair color. Hydrogen Peroxide – Hydrogen Peroxide is mostly used to strip the natural color away, before applying the hair dye color. Available in-salon … Hair salons offer to place a small amount of hair dye on the skin by way of a “patch test” and leave this for 48 hours, to see whether there is any evidence of redness, itching, etc, which might suggest an allergy. While PPD is a potent chemical in permanent dye and semi-permanent dye, other ingredients can cause reactions as well. A patch test is only an indicator of whether someone is allergic to a substance, i.e. PPD is short for Phenylenediamine. Pros: Relatively long-lasting. The most frequently reported hair dye allergens are p-phenylenediamine (PPD) and toluene-2,5-diamine, which are included in, respectively, the patch test standard series and the hairdressers series. In one laboratory study, rats exposed to levels of PPD congruent with those in hair dye exhibited sexual health impacts associated with reproductive toxicity. This page shows how these allergies occur and what you can do about it. … It is possible to have an allergic reaction to a substance that caused no visible reaction during patch testing, however, this is unusual. The good news is there are plenty of safe hair dye options that give you the same stellar results without the potential skincare concerns. In addition, some clients have suffered a severe reaction when a dark colour and permanent wave (perm) have been done at the same time. PPD may only be used in hair colorants and only up to a certain level (up … PPD AND PTD allergy sufferers can still colour their hair with foils. There is lots of PPD AND PTD in dark hair dyes. Ammonia, PPD AND PTD are entirely different ingredients. A patch test is only an indicator of whether someone is allergic to a substance, i.e. PPD AND PTD allergic clients should avoid the foils method, and hair dyes, altogether. Once a person who has been exposed to the chemical has an allergic reaction, he or she may suffer a lifelong sensitivity to it. Ince Gordon Dadds LLP is a subsidiary of The Ince Group plc. It is true that hair dye will stain towels and gowns, and will leave traces on equipment. Be very careful of the PPD chemical in hair dye even salon dye… Severe allergic reactions are most likely avoided  by patch testing, About 1% of the general population have been found to be sensitized to PPD, because the amount of free PPD AND PTD is low in. It is a reliable guide, and the most effective tool in preventing an allergic reaction, but it is not foolproof or guaranteed. ... Why Hair Feels Dry After Henna and How to Fix It. Ammonia-free dye is safe for PPD and PTD allergics. There is a legal requirement for cosmetic products, and their ingredients, to be strictly assessed for safety by a duly qualified, professional assessor before they can be sold. “Reduction of the incidence of allergic reactions” is used in the scientific literature in a different way, In theory everybody can be sensitized to PPD as long as the concentration is high enough upon exposure. I have no complaints.”, “Leigh has been absolutely brilliant - he has been thorough, methodical and sensitive in dealing with the case, and we think that it is down to his hard work that is reflected in the results that have been achieved. About 1% of the general population have been found to be sensitized to PPD or PTD. it is an allergy alert test. For more details, see Types of Hair Dye. You can get an allergic reaction to PPD in henna. PPD and its cousin PTD are found in most commercially produced hair dyes. Regarding the percentage, most recent studies of the prevalence of sensitization to PPD in the general population in the EU have shown that approx.1 % are sensitized, i.e. If someone is allergic to PPD or PTD their allergic reaction could happen no matter if the color used is a professional color or a home kit color.. Every hair is different, there are different shades of gray. Hair dye and chemical straightener use and breast cancer risk in a large US population of black and white women. When added to henna, the concentration of PPD is often much higher than what is approved for use in hair dyes, resulting in a minor to major allergic reaction. PPD is used in permanent hair dye to colour light or grey hair a darker shade. It is possible to have an allergic reaction to a substance that caused no visible reaction during patch testing, however, this is unusual. I'm going to highly recommend You and your company to all of my friends or anyone who needs similar help to me. For elicitation of an allergy the concentration of ‘free PPD’ is technically considered the driver. If you do choose to use PPD-inclusive hair dye, protect your skin with nitrile gloves. While it’s true that darker shades of dye will typically require more PPD or PTD than lighter shades, legislation over its use in hair dye sets the maximum concentration of PPD at 2% and PTD at 2%. There are many causes and reasons for allergic reactions and the many factors are mentioned in here. Here is the information on what PPD hair dye is and how it works. PPD-free Semi-Permanent Colour. Hair salons should also first test for any skin reaction before agreeing to dye hair, particularly so, if the client is pregnant or other allergies have developed since the last time the hair was dyed. Because of this delay, many PPD "Black Henna" artists in vacation areas and beaches don't know they have hurt people, becuase the people have gone home when the itching and blistering start. The extra ingredient used to blacken henna is often a coal-tar hair dye containing p-phenylenediamine (PPD), an ingredient that can cause dangerous skin reactions in some people. doesn't mean it isn't there! He always took on board my comments and concerns and gave me the best advice. Not necessarily. PPD AND PTD is the most usual cause of hair dye allergy, but the only way to know for sure is to undergo specific allergy tests at the dermatologist. Henna has been used as a natural hair dye for millennia (Shutterstock). p-Phenylenediamine (PPD) is an organic compound with the formula C 6 H 4 (NH 2) 2.This derivative of aniline is a white solid, but samples can darken due to air oxidation. Is PPD dangerous? Not all hair products are created equal — get the good, the bad, and the ugly facts about the dye used to transform your locks. “Colouring of hair can cause severe allergic contact dermatitis. For the same reason, PPD AND PTD allergic clients are usually safe to wear hair extensions and wigs that have previously been dyed with PPD AND PTD colourant. Henna in its true form does not contain PPD or PTD. Both PPD and PTD are used in hair colourants throughout the world. Deaths from hematopoietic and other cancers in relation to permanent hair dye use in a large prospective cohort study. The use of PPD is strictly regulated in the cosmetics safety legislation. PPD AND PTD are banned in Germany in France. 2 thoughts on “What You Need to Know about Para-Phenylenediamine (PPD)” Colleen Garland says: September 12, 2017 at 6:08 pm Great article. I wanted to let you know about my most recent experience with trying to dye my hair. TELL FDA: Remove Dangerous PPD from Hair Dyes! This is usually something which most salons would avoid, given the cocktail of chemicals being put onto the hair and skin at the same time and at risk of a severe reaction occurring. PPD AND PTD is an ingredient found in both salon and at home color kits. In more severe cases, clients have suffered very serious symptoms of extreme facial swelling, with their airways starting to close over, requiring them to be hospitalised. This was not my first time coloring my hair and I've never had an allergic reaction to anything. PPD is safe to use in hair colorants as directed in the product instructions. In fact, this “Black Henna” is often just a high concentration of PPD renamed to sound more ‘natural’. This is the culprit of most reactions to hair dye. Research states PPD in combination with Hydrogen Peroxide is very toxic and can lead to cancer. Research on personal hair dye use and the risk of bladder cancer has produced conflicting results. It doesn’t. Cancer Causes Control. However, this should not pose a threat to allergic clients. It is said to change the hair structure and make it brittle stripping it of its natural luster. PPD is a strong potential skin sensitizer. In other words, if this is too much for you, start detoxing elsewhere. Metcalfes 'personal injury team can help by offering specialist advice, by first assessing whether you have a claim and then by seeking medical assistance from either a trichologist (hair and scalp expert), or dermatologist (skin expert). PPD … There are many who feel PPD should be banned from all hair dyes. Eberle CE, Sandler DP, Taylor KW, White AJ. PPD AND PTD and hair dyes are dangerous to use when pregnant. It doesn’t. No. Compensation for injuries in such cases will of course vary, depending on the severity of symptoms and how long they last, but cases involving a few weeks of skin problems would usually be in the region of £1,500, with more severe and ongoing symptoms up to £5,000 and permanent skin problems up to £7,000 - £10,000. Sensitive individuals may experience dermatitis—skin inflammation and irritation commonly referred to as eczema. THANK YOU VERY MUCH AGAIN!”, “I found Metcalfes and my solicitor Leigh, to be professional with excellent communication and approachable at all times. 1999;10:617-625. Hey you guys! Whilst PPD does not usually cause problems with the hair itself, it can cause skin problems if it reacts directly with the skin (contact dermatitis which causes rashes, lumps, etc). A list of members of the LLP, and of those non-members designated as partners, is displayed at our registered office: Aldgate Tower, 2 Leman Street, London, E1 8QN. The best way to avoid these harmful chemicals is to buy brands that use 100% natural hair dyes. Not only will they assist in assessing what damage has been caused as a result of the allergic reaction, but they can provide practical advice in relation to any future hair treatments, as well as any safer alternatives, so as to avoid the likelihood of any further problems. Hair dyes seem to be a bigger exposure to women, but if you improve other areas like cookware, the mattress you sleep on, and shampoo you use, it lessens the overall impact of your hair dye. Diepgen et al 2016. Wide range of shades. (Of course I knew none of this until my allergic reaction.) False. I've dyed my hair every color under the rainbow - brown, … Some women who experience sensitivity to PPD AND PTD or any other hair colourant ingredient, ask their colourist to apply dye to the hair only, not directly onto the scalp, then wrap the hair in foils to minimise the skin’s direct exposure to the dye while it develops. Can improve the condition of the hair, enhancing shine. “Black Henna” is the misleading nickname given to the sorts of black dye skin tattoos you often see on holiday resorts and at festivals, and does not contain henna at all. the inactive stains that remain long afterwards. It is a reliable guide, and the most effective tool in preventing an allergic reaction, but it is not foolproof or guaranteed. I highly recommend them!”, “Excellent performance by the team throughout the case.”, “My personal injury solicitor, Sophie, was brilliant, and I can't thank her enough for her hard work.”, The British Association of Dermatologists, What to do when an ear piercing goes wrong, Legal Expenses Insurance ('Before the Event' Insurance or 'BTE'), Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA) - 'No Win, No Fee', After The Event Legal Expenses Insurance ('ATE'), Case study - Dump truck driver breaks leg whilst cleaning tailgate of a tipper lorry, Case study - Plumber severs tendon after not given the right tool for the job, Case study - Significant shoulder injury suffered by client due to trip whilst entering business premises, Employers' Liability & Clinical Negligence. So obviously, I had no idea that I am allergic to PPD. Black henna pastes have PPD percentages from 10% to 80%, and are left on the skin for half an hour. Useful links providing practical information and advice: Please contact us on 0117 929 0451 to discuss your potential claim. It darkens when it oxidizes, and is commonly found in hair dye, henna, rubbers, film, etc. A patch test fully prevents and protects from PPD AND PTD allergies. “Black henna” (which can be used in temporary tattoos) is often mixed with non-natural products such as PPD, to get very dark colouring, potentially causing another allergic reaction. Although recent cases have mainly referred to the dangers of home dye kits, an allergic reaction can also be had to a salon treatment, since the same chemical which can trigger a reaction is used in both home kits and some salon treatments. “The process was straight forward and I feel the experience was simple and stress free. The substance may either be an irritant, directly damaging the skin, or an allergen, triggering an allergic reaction that affects the skin. See the science behind what causes allergies here. The Foods Matter website has an article about one lawyer who is campaigning for just that – a complete ban on PPD in hair dyes. Removing ammonia from dye will not affect, or prevent, a PPD AND PTD allergy in any way. PPD and PTD allergic people will be okay as long as they colour in a salon. Anyone can experience an allergic reaction to almost anything, including natural substances. Anything higher is not permitted by law in the EU. Most commonly, PPD can cause reactions ranging from mild skin irritation to more severe allergic contact dermatitis. We would have no hesitation in recommending you and your team in the future.”, “I would like to thank you for your help and effort you put in during my case! Many hair dyes are marketed as ‘natural’ because of the higher number of natural extracts or ingredients in the formula - for example, a fruit oil or oat protein to condition the hair during colouring. False. It is mainly used as a component of engineering polymers and composites like kevlar.It is also an ingredient in hair dyes and is occasionally used as a substitute for henna The hidden dangers of PPD in hair dye Although recent cases have mainly referred to the dangers of home dye kits, an allergic reaction can also be had to a salon treatment, since the same chemical which can trigger a reaction is used in both home kits and some salon treatments. Altekruse SF, Henley SJ, Thun MJ. PPD AND PTD and hair dyes are dangerous to use when pregnant False. Although many people then assume that a natural dye is “safe”, dark henna is often also best to avoid. It is true that hair dye will stain towels and gowns, and will leave traces on equipment. On skin, it leaves an orangey stain. This also seems to be the trend among reported cases of severe allergic reaction from a home kit. Cases where Metcalfes' personal injury team has represented clients suffering a reaction, has been to those using dyes mainly of a dark brown or black colour at a salon. PPD AND PTD remains on towels, gowns and tools, making the entire hair salon unsafe for allergic clients. Which bulletin would you like to receive? The chemical PPD (paraphenylenediamine) is found in permanent hair dye. This could make someone more likely to react badly to this chemical, even if no problems have been experienced before. This outcome is worrisome, and more investigation by researchers is needed to understand just how much PPD can tinker with our hormones. It is inadvisable to try a new or unfamiliar dye or chemical product during pregnancy. Organic dyes are suitable for consumers who are concerned with farming practices, processes and methods, and the term “Organic dye” signifies a high percentage of ingredients that have been grown and farmed organically. Both PPD and PTD are used in hair colourants throughout the world. Whilst the offending chemical, PPD, is not yet banned in the UK (although it is in some others), care needs to be taken when attending a hair salon if dyeing hair a dark colour and particularly if doing so for the first time. A para-phenylenediamine reaction starts 3 to 10 days after the PPD "Black Henna" or black hair dye is applied. The term ‘Partner’ used in relation to the LLP, refers to a member of the LLP or an employee or consultant of the LLP or any affiliated form of equivalent standing. Shah says when dyeing hair … In less severe cases, symptoms such as a skin rash can be treated by attending your GP for advice and usually then, being prescribed antihistamines to treat the allergic reaction. He has been excellent at keeping us informed throughout the process and gave us confidence in the professional approach he took. A colourant lasting up to 24 washes without the use of PPD. No. However, this should not pose a threat to allergic clients, because the amount of free PPD AND PTD is low in the inactive stains that remain long afterwards. It is a natural product, orange-brown in colour, that is used to colour hair without the use of chemicals. It isn’t. Henna and make up. Modern hair dyes are safe to use during pregnancy, so long as standard patch or skin tests are carried out at least 48 hours before each colour appointment, and the mother has not reacted adversely to hair dyes in the past. Use these alternative hair dyes without PPD, ammonia and resorcinol.